Ultrasound can be very useful for assessing the small intestine. Ultrasound examination can provide information regarding bowel thickness, layering pattern, motility and evidence of diffuse or segmental dilation. The exam can be performed in dorsal or lateral recumbency. High frequency or linear probes offer the best resolution for assessing layering of bowel. In this blog, we will focus on assessing layering of small bowel.
It makes sense that information should be consistent across all of the devices and records within your practice. Primary functions such as scheduling or billing are all headache-free because of the availability of database-enabled software that helps keep related information unique with minimal effort, and it stands to reason that this should apply to patient information as well. Because a variety of advanced technology has become commonplace within hospitals, well maintained and consistent patient records allow you to quickly pull up a patient’s information no matter what device or system you are using and is crucial to ensure that imaging from multiple modalities (ultrasound, X-Ray, CT, etc.) relates to each other, building a picture of a patient’s health record.
“Misty” is a 4 year old F/S English Setter who presented to her veterinarian for inappetance and weight loss. She had lost 6 lbs in the course of 3 weeks. She had an occasional dry cough but no other specific clinical signs were reported. The working diagnosis based on a brief ultrasound exam by the referring veterinarian was stump pyometra.
“Willy” is a 5 year old M/N Golden Retriever with Grade 3 Mast Cell Tumor that was removed from the right thorax. An abdominal ultrasound with focus on the liver and spleen was requested in order to further stage his mast cell disease. CBC showed mild normocytic normochromic anemia with a hematocrit of 34%. Chemistry profile was normal. Ultrasound examination of the spleen showed the following:
A 8 year old F/S Cocker Spaniel presented for a 5 day history of vomiting, diarrhea and inappetance. She had been seen 2 days earlier and treated empirically for non-specific gastroenteritis with Cerenia and bland diet. On presentation, she had a fever of 104.2 and was tense but not overtly painful on abdominal palpation. CBC showed mild anemia (HCT 32%) and thrombocytopenia (52,000). Chemistry profile revealed elevation of ALT (235 U/L), ALP (982 U/L), GGT (24 U/L) and total bilirubin (1.2 mg/dl). cPL was normal. Abdominal radiographs showed splenomegaly and loss of serosal detail in the cranial abdomen. She was admitted to the hospital for supportive care. During hospitalization, she became hypoglycemic (blood glucose 52 mg/dl) but she responded to administration of intravenous dextrose. A complete abdominal ultrasound was requested.
In this blog, we will discuss using focused ultrasound of the liver to evaluate for diffuse hepatic parenchymal changes. The goals of using focused ultrasound examination for evaluation of the liver include recognizing focal and multifocal mass lesions and evaluating diffuse parenchymal changes. Evaluation for hepatic venous congestion can also be accomplished with the focused exam. The focused exam can help guide clinical decisions by providing initial information that may not be evident without the use of ultrasound.
Director of Internal Medicine, OPD
|“Tucker” is a 12 year old M/N Collie that presented for a 3 day history of vomiting and inappetance. Physical examination revealed 5-7 % dehydration and icteric sclera and gums. A
bdominal palpation was unremarkable and he was not overtly painful on palpation. CBC showed mild anemia
(HCT 32%) and neutrophilia (neutrophils 24,000). Chemistry profile showed mark ed elevation of liver en zymes (ALP 4136 U/L, AL T 935 U/L, GGT 54 U/L) and elevation of tota l bilirubin (4.7
mg/dl). A complete diagnostic abdominal ultrasound was requested and the following images were obtained.
Using ultrasound at the point of care (POC) is a way of bringing ultrasound into the primary diagnostic world where it has the single largest impact in veterinary and human healthcare. Many of you have heard a lot about ultrasound FAST scanning techniques, which come in a variety of acronym forms such as LUS (lung ultrasound), TFAST (thoracic ultrasound), and (AFAST) abdominal ultrasound.
Diagnostic ultrasound is one of the most significant medical services you can provide to your patient base. Oncura Partners' diagnostic ultrasound services provide a unique and cost-effective solution for equipment, training, and interpretation of images. Oncura's integrated system is unique in the veterinary industry.
In A New World of Ultrasound Diagnostics in Veterinary Care, we discussed some realities around the challenges of integrating ultrasound into daily practice. Yes, ultrasound is one of the most powerful diagnostic tools you can use in a small animal practice, but it is also one of the most intimidating diagnostic tools for veterinarians to master, or even to become comfortable with for minimal use.